Isha Ray, N. Billava, Z. Burt, JM Colford, Jr, A. Ercümen, KP Jayaramu, E. Kumpel, N. Nayak, KL Nelson, C. Woelfle-Erskine
Economic and Political Weekly, 58: 39 – 48
Publication year: 2018

Employing a matched cohort research design, eight wards with intermittent water supply are compared to eight wards upgraded to continuous (24 x 7) supply in a demonstration project in Hubli–Dharwad, Karnataka,
with respect to tap water quality, child health, water storage practices, and coping costs across socio-economic strata. Water consumption and waste in the intermittent zones, and the potential for scale-up of continuous supply to the entire city, are estimated. It was found that the 24 x 7 project improved water quality, did not improve overall child health, but did reduce serious waterborne illnesses in the lowest-income strata, reduced the costs of waiting, increased monthly water bills, and potentially reduced water security for some of the poorest households.