This paper examines how changes in aspirations among the poor should be understood in the context of ICTD
interventions. We argue that aspirations associated with ICTs (or with other interventions) can be seen as interim indicators of
development when, and only when, these aspirations stem from enhanced human capabilities rather than simply from stated or
distant desires. This entails understanding if and how ICTs and ICT-enabled services open up pathways by which the aspirations
of the poor can potentially be actualized.